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Draft Protection Zone (SPZ) for enterprises and enterprise groups

Draft Protection Zone (SPZ) for enterprises and enterprise groups

What is it?

Sanitary-protective zone (SPZ) - is an area that separates the enterprise, their individual buildings and facilities with processes that are the sources of impact on the environment and human health, from residential buildings. The area of the SPZ is designed for reducing the level of exposure to the required hygienic standards for all factors of influence beyond its borders, creation of sanitary-hygienic and aesthetic barrier between the territory of the enterprise (enterprise group) and the area of residential buildings, the organization of additional green space, provide screening, assimilation, filtering air pollutants, and increase comfort microclimate. Draft Protection Zone (SPZ) is developed in accordance with Federal law № 52 "On the sanitary-epidemiological welfare of population" , the requirements SanPiN 2.2.1/2.1.1.1200-03 "sanitary protection zones and sanitary classification of enterprises, buildings and other facilities " .

The size of the sanitary protection zone can be from 50 to 1000 meters depending on the classification of enterprises by the degree of harm to the atmosphere of industrial emissions. The boundary of the sanitary protection zone defined by a line bounding the area, beyond which the normalizable exposures do not exceed the hygienic standards.

Who needs it?

SPZ is an indispensable element of any object, which is the source of impact on the environment and human health. It is developed for all businesses within the regulations of sanitary protection zones which are residential buildings, kindergartens, secondary and tertiary educational institutions, sports facilities, recreation areas and other facilities for accommodation which must be complied with requirements for environmental quality. In accordance with the laws of sanitary-protective zone - is a mandatory element of every object that is the source of impact on the environment and human health and refers to the objects I-III hazard class. Sources of impact on the environment and human health are considered objects for which the levels of pollution generated by off-site exceed the 0.1 MAC and / or remote.

If not?

Violation of the legislation in the area of sanitary and epidemiological welfare of population, expressed in violation of sanitary rules and hygienic standards and requirements of technical regulations, the failure of the sanitary and epidemic control activities - shall entail a warning or an administrative fine on citizens in the amount of one hundred to five hundred rubles; on officials - from five hundred to one thousand; to persons engaged in entrepreneurial activities without forming a legal entity - from five hundred to one thousand rubles or administrative suspension of activity for up to ninety days, and on legal entities - from ten thousand to twenty thousand rubles or administrative suspension of activity for up to ninety days. (Article 6.3 of the Administrative Code)

Failure to comply with environmental requirements in spatial planning, zoning, land planning, architectural and building design, construction, major repair, renovation, commissioning, operation and decommissioning of buildings, structures and other capital construction projects - results in imposing administrative penalty on citizens in the amount of one thousand to two thousand rubles and on officials - from two thousand to five thousand rubles for legal entities - from twenty thousand to one hundred thousand rubles (Article 8.1 of the Administrative Code )

Interact with us!

Provide a full range of services to reduce and to establish the boundaries of the SPZ, the draft agreement with the SPZ Rospotrebnadzor.

Draft SPZ involves performing work under the following headings:

1. Determining the size of the SPZ venture to the factor of chemical air pollution, by calculating (or measuring) emissions from the company incorporated in the draft VAT or existing at the plant at the time of development of the sanitary-protective zone, SPZ.

2. Determining the size of the SPZ venture to the noise factor by calculating the negative acoustic effects of the object based on the actual situation (as well as taking into account future developments in the case of reconstruction), the estimates of projected (projected) the negative impact of an object or an acoustic situ measurements of noise levels and includes:
- Identify sources of external noise enterprises that have a negative impact on residential development,
- To determine their noise characteristics calculation method and measurements,
- Calculation of noise levels penetrating and sanitary-hygienic assessment
- Determination of the expected sound pressure levels in the reference points,
- If necessary, the choice of an acoustically effective means to reduce noise and assessment of their effectiveness,

3. Defining the boundaries of sanitary protection zone, SPZ, the sum of the factors in drawing up a situational card.

Documents for the development of the SPZ